Emerging markets lead the charts in renewable energy attractiveness
Emerging markets (EEM) (VWO) are clearly gaining ground over their developed market (EFA) (VEA) counterparts when it comes to investment in renewable energy. Notably, emerging markets such as China (FXI) and India (EPI) ranked above the United States (SPY) and Germany (EWG) in Ernst & Young’s Renewable energy country attractiveness index (RECAI). Emering markets constituted 50% of the 40 economies that were ranked, and 4 of the top 10 rankings. Interestingly, the top 30 economies included four African markets (EZA).
Up until now, challenges including limited institutional capacity, lack of scale and competition, high transaction costs, and high perceived risk have kept investment flow into clean energy on the lower side. However, this is changing by the day. Governments in emerging markets are increasingly turning to renewable energy to diversify energy sources and reduce carbon emissions. As a result, these markets are transforming their energy mix at an unprecedented pace.
Solar Power holds enormous potential
Within the clean energy spectrum, solar power holds enormous potential as an alternative energy source in emerging markets. A strong catalyst for this transformation has been the reduction in solar energy production costs. In recent years, the cost of solar photovoltaic technology has fallen dramatically, leading to a decline in the average cost of implementing new solar projects. As a result, solar PVs can now deliver power less expensively and with more long-term price certainty as compared to coal-fired power.
The chart below depicts the average capital expenditure required for onshore wind and solar PV projects in 58 emerging markets.
The Guggenheim Solar ETF (TAN)
The Guggenheim Solar ETF (TAN) tracks the MAC Global Solar Energy Index which tracks companies operating in or deriving significant revenue from, the solar power industry. As of August 18, 18% of the fund was invested in companies based in the emerging markets. Chinese companies alone command an 11.2% portfolio allocation in this ETF. TAN is up 28.3% YTD (as of August 20), +17% over the past 3 months. Top 10 holdings of the fund include:
TAN Fund Holdings as of August 18, 2017
|FSLR||FIRST SOLAR INC||US||9.76%|
|3800.HK||GCL-POLY ENERGY HOLDINGS LTD||Hong Kong||6.50%|
|968.HK||XINYI SOLAR HOLDINGS LTD||China||6.09%|
|SEDG||SOLAREDGE TECHNOLOGIES INC||Israel||5.84%|
|CSIQ||CANADIAN SOLAR INC||Canada||5.39%|
|MBTN.SW||MEYER BURGER TECHNOLOGY AG||Germany||5.17%|
|JKS||JINKOSOLAR HOLDING CO-ADR||China||5.12%|
|ABY||ATLANTICA YIELD PLC||UK||4.25%|
The ETF has attracted close to $128 million in net fund flows since the beginning of the year (as of August 21), with fund activity accelerating since May.
Other renewable energy ETFs
Other ETFs tracking companies operating in the clean energy space include the iShares Global Clean Energy ETF (ICLN), the PowerShares Wilderhill Clean Energy ETF (PBW), the First Trust ISE Global Wind Energy Index ETF (FAN), and the First Trust NASDAQ Clean Edge Green Energy Index Fund (QCLN).
In part 2, we’ll look at investment flows into the clean energy segment of emerging markets.